By using The Spruce Eats, you accept our, Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG), Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC). Italian Wine Classifications – Getting to know DOCG, DOC, IGT and VdT. Wine is so important to both the people and the Italian government that it soon became the country with the largest number of classifications (DOCG, DOC, and IGT in particular). Italy has 20 winemaking regions and uses over 350 native types of grapes to make wine. But Italian wine is much, much more. Italy makes more wine than any other country in the world. How to Decode Spanish Wine Labels and Classifications, The Difference Between Parmesan and Parmigiano-Reggiano. Made from Nebbiolo, the wines of this small appellation in Italy… Sign up for our newsletters and be the first to learn about the latest news and promotions! Dolcetto: Dolcetto is a soft, fruity red grape variety grown only in Piedmont, where it is drunk young … The climate is … This now covers more than 100 types of wines, including Super-Tuscan and varietally labeled Italian wines. Find your local Eataly to taste with us at our restaurants, or shop online at Eatalyvino.com to bring home a bottle (or two) today! 0. 70,000 Acres – Piedmont – Barbera is the most produced Italian red wine of Piedmont. Their first classification system arrived in 1963, but … There is still a very high level of restriction for DOC wines, but the regulations aren’t quite as intense as DOCG. Sure, this by itself doesn’t mean anything, but when you take into account the quality and the enormous number of small craft producers who contribute to the production, it becomes clear that Italy also makes some of the best. This brings us to the highest wine classification in Italy, called DOCG, where the “G” stands for Garantita — a wine that is guaranteed to follow stringent wine making rules (the full name is Denominazione di Origine Controllatae Garantita) .It’s here where you will find some of Italy’s top wines — and sometimes at top prices. Italian wine is unique and made with not only the best … Happily, the wine classification system is much easier to … For most consumers though it just adds another layer of complexity to the task of choosing an Italian wine. There are five major types of sparkling wines that you'll come across when you travel in Italy: Prosecco, Lambrusco, Asti Spumante, Franciacorta, and TrentoDOC. Italy’s wine culture is known for its vast number of grape varieties, and their incredibly complicated interconnections. So what makes a DOCG wine so special? In Italy, wine isn’t just a drink; it’s something that represents the history, society, food, geography, and the evolution of the country. The country is known for its beauty and history, but the wine is just as important; Italy was one of the first countries to start producing it, even before 700 BC. At first this new DOC system ( Denominazione di Origine) adhered rigidly to traditional methods. Tuscany and Piedmont carry the most DOCG wines in Italy. The Italian system was originally designed to champion the indigenous grapes of Italy by elevating wine made with Italian grape varietals to the highest tiers of the DOC system, DOCG. This led to the 1992 Goria Law, named for Minister of Agriculture Giovanni Goria. Here’s a quick rundown of what each classification means. Piedmont. Italian Wine Classifications There is a hierarchy of Italian wine Classification. Wine is so important to both the people and the Italian government that it soon became the country with the largest number of classifications (DOCG, DOC, and IGT in particular). And it should–after all, they are a top exporter and wine is part of their entire cultural identity. • Created to bring out the common characteristics of a small territory, • Grapes and wine must be produced within the "area of origin", • The wines are subject to stringent checks via chemical and physical analysis and go through two expert tasting panels before being deemed good enough, • This type of wine is usually made to be as traditional as possible. Some Italian whites are best known under the name of their denomination, like Gavi or Soave. Vino da Tavola, now renamed simply Vino is the most basic classification of Italian wine. Among white, or bianco, wine grapes, the two that are commonly recognized types of Italian wine among people in the U.S. are the Muscato and the Pinot Grigio. Italian appellation system. Italy began developing its official wine classifications in the 1960s, modeled on the French appellation system. Drink By: Typically best within the first 3 years. The Italian Wine Classification system (similar to the U.S. appellation system) is made up of four categories: This classification denotes the highest quality recognition for Italian wines. Barbera. Basically, Italy takes its wine very seriously. These letters are given to different wines depending on how the grapes are grown and the wine … Deliciously sweet, low in … Compared to DOC wines, most DOCG rules reduce the allowable yield o… It is comprised of a relatively limited number of first-class wines. Made via the tank method and produced in Northern Italy… Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) This classification denotes There are currently over 300 DOC wines in Italy, all adhering to specific vineyard trellising, irrigation and vinification requirements detailing which grapes may be grown and where along with aging requirements and alcohol limits. Posted on 23 July 2019. Prosecco. The DOC and DOCG categories were introduced in 1963 (DOCG remained dormant until 1982), and the IGT category … Based across Italy, London, and Copenhagen, Marco is a globetrotting sommelier and wine marketeer with a particular passion for Italian wine, particularly those from Tuscany. Freelance writer and wine expert, author of ""Idiots Guides: Wine""; as well as several magazine and online articles. Particularly versatile with food. Italian Wine Classifications Like many other wine producing countries Italy has a system of laws for classifying wines, supposedly to protect and help consumers choosing their wine. The original name translates to ‘table wine’  and is intended to distinguish it from region-specific wines. Special offers, new products, and creative gifts, Classes, events, and complimentary tastings, We will be sure that you're up-to-date on the world of high-quality food and drink. This is why IGT wines are often linked to the so-called "new wave" organic, biodynamic, and natural varieties being created across Italy. Though many of Italy’s wines remain simple, food-friendly wines ideal for everyday drinking, the … • Grapes and wine still need to be produced within the "area of origin", • The wines are subject to analysis but there is not an actual tasting due to the fact that the flavor can differ from bottle to bottle, • Reds, whites and rosés can all be IGT wines. Posted in DOC, DOCG, IGT, Italy, VdT. Among several other changes, the Goria Law introduced the IGT category as a way to distinguish quality in wine, and put VDT back on the bottom of the four-tier labeling system. These suggestions may get you started on an Italian wine list, but know that these are just a few of Italy’s many wine varieties. … You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. DOCG and DOC labels on two wine bottles. Italian wine laws and classifications were introduced in Italy in the 1960s. Practices vary in different countries and regions of origin, and many practices have varied over time. Has complex aromas … Many of the best wines are from the Alba or Asti zones. The Spruce Eats uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The wines are usually made in a larger production area and there’s more leeway for the producer to put their own ideas or quirks into the process. Italian wine labels, just like those from France and Spain, are required by law to show certain basic information (producer name, appellation, vintage, alcohol content and bottle volume). The best known Italian sparkling wine is prosecco. Italy indeed has a rich history in wine-making and a high-wine production volume to boot. Registered Eataly.com users may modify their preferences on the page "MY ACCOUNT". The Italian wine classification system, called “New Discipline of Original Location Certification”, is a lot like the system in France (see my blog series on French wine laws ). It is important to note that there are other classifications under the main four. Italian wine classifications. … The Italian … Want to start sipping on Super Tuscans? Wines in this category have been made under the highest level of restrictions. But in the North it’s more typical to call wine … Basically the equivalent of the French wine classification, Appellation d'Origine Controlee (AOC). Only Italian wines fall under these classifications (known as appellations), but it can be hard to work out what they mean. Some classifications enjoy official protection by being part of the wine … Since then, several modifications and additions to the … JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. • Created to bring out the common characteristics of an area slightly larger than a DOCG wine, • Wines are subject to a single control with chemical and physical analysis and only one tasting panel, • You often find both red and white varieties of the same DOC, • This type of wine is usually made in the territory’s traditional way. DOC or Denominazione di Origine Controllata is the main tier of classification for Italian wine and covers most types of traditional wine of Italy. If you see these letters on a bottle, then it is a guarantee of both quality and that the wine’s flavor perfectly expresses a single territory’s characteristics. DOCG, DOC, IGT, VdT… a veritable alphabet zuppa of Italian wines. Italian Appellation System (Italian Wine Classification) Italy is home to some of the oldest and most charming wine producing regions in the world. These letters are given to different wines depending on how the grapes are grown and the wine is made. Located in northwest Italy, Piedmont sits at the foot of the western Alps. Barolo: Dry, full-bodied, magisterial wine from Nebbiolo grapes in the Barolo area of Piedmont. Some Italian … At the moment you can gain access to 1283 descriptions of different types of wines … In 1963, the first official Italian system of classification of wines was launched. Top Italian white wine types. Imagine a place that is home to innovative trends in the vineyard, a huge number of micro-territories which link to many different and unique terroirs and a nation with the largest heritage of grapes on the planet, and you start to get an idea how special Italian wine is. SThat’s not to say, however, that foreign grape varieties are anything to look down … These letters are given to … The Main Types of Italian Sparkling Wines. A travel and inspiration guide Use Italian Wine Guide as inspiration for your next Italian wine shopping, as a reference, travel guide or another thing and become inspired to explore new, unknown wines. It’s important to remember that while it is technically classed as below DOC, some of the best Italian wine is labelled as IGT. Wines that fall under the DOC category must be made in specified, government-defined zones, in accordance with particular regulations that are intended to preserve the wine's character that is uniquely derived from Italy's individual regions. The classification of wine can be done according to various methods including place of origin or appellation, vinification methods and style, sweetness and vintage, or variety used. IGT is a new classification that falls just under DOC. These table wines are often ubiquitous wines that are grown in specific geographical growing regions. … Comprised of Italian table wines, whose only criteria is that they must be produced somewhere in Italy. Get our cookbook, free, when you sign up for our newsletter. Only a handful of wines achieve DOCG status. Piedmont’s Barolo is the undoubtedly the king of Italian red wines. In the 1980s and 90s, some of the most respected Italian wines, such as Sassicaia and Tignanello, were labeled as Vino da Tavola. This designates wines that reside firmly on the "low end" of the totem pole. They’re badges of honor for many wine producers, as it means they have followed very strict guidelines to make great wine. However, there are exceptions -- some of Italy's best wines (aka the "Super Tuscans") do fall under this category just to avoid more stringent regulations associated with DOC or DOCG and allow for more vineyard experimentation. Over 60% of the world’s Barbera vineyards … Italian white wines tend to be fresh and zesty with fragrant floral and fruit flavours. Muscato is a grape that is … These are not wines of finesse, they are explosive and among the richest, most decadent wines of the Boot, landing somewhere between a cult Napa Cabernet and a Port - yet remaining distinctly Italian. Everything from the way the grapes are transported from the vineyard to the cellar to the refinements and bottling is heavily controlled. Three Italian red wines to buy for special occasions 1. DOC: Denominazione di Origine Controllata The Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) and Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG) system was first established in 1963 and today there are 329 different DOCs and 73 DOCGs. Devi effettuare l'accesso per aggiungere un prodotto ai preferiti, Copyright © 2015 - 2019 Eataly Net USA LLC - All Rights Reserved, Ravioli di Zucca (Butternut Squash Ravioli Recipe), Agnolotti in Brodo di Parmigiano Reggiano. If you love Barolo, Brunello, or Chianti Classico wines, they’re all from DOCG appellations. The vino itself is seen as a guardian of tradition: a sort of time capsule for each year and a way to tell the story of every vintage. Explore more cultural and culinary articles from some of Italy’s best chefs and writers! There are four classifications of wine produced in Italy. An Italian wine label will usually include certain information: the name of the winery, perhaps also the name of the vineyard that produced the grapes, the vintage (the year in which the wine was made), and … Editor's note: This article by Marco Rossi first appeared on Great Italian Chefs. One of the most confusing ways to pick a wine is by selecting one with the highest classification in the Italian wine rating system. Wine is so important to both the people and the Italian government that it soon became the country with the largest number of classifications (DOCG, DOC and IGT). These wines are subject to much stricter wines than the latter option and are thus considered top of all the classifications. Asti: Sparkling wine made from Moscato grapes around Asti, in Piedmont. All in all, there are about 330 DOC titles, each of … These classifications are DOCG, DOC, IGT, and VdT. Barolo & Barbaresco. To Italy! Understanding Italian Wine Labels: What Are DOC, DOCG, IGT and VdT? DOCG wines must meet all of the label requirements that the DOC wine must maintain with added caveats indicating stringent vineyard yield, grape types grown within precise boundaries, specific alcohol levels, and minimum aging requirements. 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