The fourteenth chapter of the Pancaka Nipata of the 2. The term rājā as used in Buddhist India does not admit of a uniform interpretation and translation. IX.44.68) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. What is राजा in Sanskrit (Raja ka Sanskrit arth / matlab kya hai? To root *reg, as in Lat. The definition of this (general) rājā at Nd2 542 is significant of the idea of a king prevalent in early Buddhist times. Ind., Vol. The pollen of flowers. Raja Sutta. I, 150, 161.—5. *, 1f) Son of Arija; a Rājaṛṣi and tapassiddha. Dhammapāla gives the dignity of a C. as the first “human sovereign powers” (PvA. 416 (addressed to Bimbisāra) PvA. raja (रज).—n m (S) Dust. occasions. raññā Vin. Other qualities: how his remains should be treated=D. who is not rid of passion, malice or delusion, but to be arahants. [5] Moreover, the king possessed executive, judicial, and legislative dharmas, which he was responsible for carrying out. Meaning and information about Raja, What does Raja mean? ; Fick, Soc. Men should keep their fast, not in order to be Sakka *, 1g) One of the ten branches of the Rohita clan of devas. Holy souls, these seven were Saptarṣis in the third Manvantara. 89 (rāj’âbhinīta+cor°); & in sequence rājāno corā dhuttā (as being dangerous to the bhikkhus) at Vin. rājā is a term of sovereignship. Find similar names like Raja. Meaning of Hindu,Muslim Boy name Raja is King; Hope. Spokensanskrit - An English - Sanskrit dictionary: This is an online hypertext dictionary for Sanskrit - English and English - Sanskrit. IV, 157; Loc. rājānaṃ Vin. The common word for king is राजा (rājā) in Sanskrit, βασιλευς (basileus) in ancient Greek and cyning in Old English. 314.—Note. of the Buddha Sn. III, 222 is “yo koci rajjaṃ kāreti. Anguttara Nikaya. see Dict’y of Names): Ajātasattu; Udena (DhA. Under the second sense also compounds abound; as mṛga- rāja Chief of the beasts, the lion; graharāja Chief of the planets, the sun; tīrtharāja Chief of places or objects of pilgrimage, the ocean or Prayag; gajarāja, sarparāja, aśvarāja, dvijarāja, dēvarāja, kavi- rāja, vaidyarāja, paṇḍitarāja, svāmirāja, gaṇarāja, bhūtarāja, yakṣarāja, vanarāja (i. e. āpaṭā or śamī), vṛkṣarāja. Together with the names Raja and Parpaṭa, there are a total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Vism. [7] As scholar Charles Drekmeier notes, "dharma stood above the king, and his failure to preserve it must accordingly have disastrous consequences". Sn. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 45, Verse 78). In The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol. √ Root Search | Word Frequency | Sandhi | Pāṇini Research Tool | Sanskrit OCR Besides we have *reig in Ags. *, 1e) The quality present both in tamas and satva as oil in the oil-seed and ghee in milk; it is the result of agitation in the pradhāna. English: ITRANS: Sanskrit: Meaning: R : raga: rAga: rag: any feeling or passion but especially vehement desire; interest in, attachment. ).—2. A.i.142f. Compounds are numerous; as rājapatnī A queen; rājaputra A prince; rājakanyā A princess; rājaguru, rājapurōhita, rājōpādhyāya, rājasabhā &c. This word enters freely into composition also with Maraṭhi words; as rājapasanta, rājadarabāra and others inserted in order. [8], The executive duty of the king was primarily to carry out punishment, or daṇḍa. ” The fanciful etym. The second property of humanity, the quality of passion. Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Ends with (+975): Abhavasamudgataraja, Abhavasvabhavasamudgataraja, Abhiraja, Abhraja, Abhyudgataraja, Acalatakkiraja, Acalendraraja, Acaratarkiraja, Achalatakkiraja, Achalendraraja, Acharatarkiraja, Achyutagraja, Acyutagraja, Adbhutakrishnaraja, Adhimaharaja, Adhipraja, Adhiraja, Adhirajaraja, Adiraja, Adityagarbhaprabhamegharaja. These are the 2 gatis of such a being, as described at var. and enl. [4], Protection of his subjects was seen as the first and foremost duty of the king. 650; the Himavant is pabbata-rājā A. I, 152; III, 44; and Gotama’s horse Kaṇthaka is called assa-rājā J. I, 62=VvA. The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Raja] and plants and substances, with their various kinds. Raja definition is - an Indian or Malay prince or chief. , gah. 35, No. This was achieved by punishing internal aggression, such as thieves among his people, and meeting external aggression, such as attacks by foreign entities. raja S) A particle (of metal, earth, powder &c.). 76; Voc. The quality of passion. [12], Monarch or princely ruler in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Imperial, royal, noble, gentry and chivalric ranks, List of princely states of British India (alphabetical), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raja&oldid=999879113, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Derrett, J.D.M. See rajōguṇa. In Sanskrit, raja means ‘king" or ‘royal," referring to the status of Raja yoga as a "royal path"’ or principal form of yoga. arahants. universal monarch, so do all profitable states follow earnestness. 419); Bhaddiya; etc.—7. 1) Raja (रज):—[from raj] a etc. The menstrual excretion. 101, 133; Instr. A. O. S. 13, 179 sq. (mano-group), dust; dirt; pollen; defilement; impurity. Here belongs the definition of what is termed “rājāno” (pl. Besides, it has a far wider sphere of meaning than we convey by any translation like “king” or even “sovereign, ” or “prince. Raja (रज) refers to the “pollen” of flowers, as mentioned in a list of five synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). “Great Man, ” who may become either the Saviour of men in the religious sense, a Sammā-sambuddha, or a just Ruler of the earth in the worldly sense, a King of Righteousness. 3. ” We find it used as a designation of “king” in the sense of an elected or successory (crowned) monarch, but also in the meaning of a distinguished nobleman, or a local chieftain, or a prince with var. Second of Cp. [13], The judicial duty of the king was deciding any disputes that arose in his kingdom and any conflicts that arose between dharmasastra and practices at the time or between dharmasastra and any secular transactions. - rajansg. Lexicographers, esp. = rājan 1, a king, sovereign, chief or best of its kind, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]. Raja Sutta. This means that if two or more names have the same popularity their rankings may differ significantly, as they are set in alphabetical order. rego (to lead, di-rect, cp. 117). Raja (रज) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. In Sanskrit, Pali, and Prakrit rajaka is applied to a washerman, who combined this trade with dyeing; in Mahāvastu seems clearly distinguished from (coḍaka-)dhovaka, washerman (of clothes), which occurs in the preccding section, 466.4 ff. While most of the Hindu salute states were ruled by a Maharaja (or variation; some promoted from an earlier Raja- or equivalent style), even exclusively from 13 guns up, a number had Rajas : Rajadharma is the dharma which applies to the king, or the Raja. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India. 4. Raja (रज).—[masculine] dust, the pollen of flowers, a man’s name. ); sarve rajā (v.l. 3. III, 269, 441; PvA. 1968. Dis- missal. The kh. Shri Rajarajeshvarya Ashtakam was composed by Adi Shankaracharya. Raja Sutta. Leben pp. rājā (राजा).—m (S) A king, prince, potentate, sovereign. rī king, Gallic Catu-rīx battle king, Goth reiks=Ohg. Raja, Gotra, Ardhabāhu, Savana, Anagha, Sutapā and Śukra are the Seven sages. III, 221.—4. I, 228 we find the division into the 3 ranks: mahesakkhā rājāno, majjhimā r. , nīcā r. Here also belongs the designation of the 4 lokapālā (or Guardians of the World) at cattāro mahā-rājāno, the mahā° being added for sake of politeness (cp. Here belongs the title of the king of the devas (Sakka) “deva-rājā, ” e.g. rājñaḥ) Vin. ...] Name of one of Skanda’s attendants, [Mahābhārata], 7) [v.s. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. S.v.44. Sudānti was the Indra. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India. 1. m A particle. The compn form of rājā is rāja°. (-jaḥ-jaṃ) 1. DNA test information. 553 (see bhoja). Cp. Email connect@hkmchennai.org. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation). 226, 227.—His disciplinary authority is emphasized; he spares no tortures in punishing adversaries or malefactors, esp. 22; VbhA. reichen.—The Dhtp only knows of one root rāj in meaning “ditti” i.e. Adeste In Home Care. The definition at Vin. ; Banerjea, Public Administration in A. I. His 10 duties are mentioned at several places (see below under °dhammā). 2) Raja (रज) is the name of one of the seven sages (saptarṣi) in the Uttama-Manvantara: one of the fourteen Manvantaras.—Accordingly, “In the Uttama Manvantara the Sudhāmās are the Gods having twelve groups like Pratardana, Śiva, Satya, Vaśavarti etc. Raja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. [17] However, not all cases fell upon the shoulders of the king. Raja (रज) is the name of a Rāśi (zodiac sign) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. University of Pennsylvania Studies on South Asia. The contrast-pair rajāno (so always pl.) has it ever been seen or heard of? they have done evil. khattiyā bhoja-rājāno the khattiyas, the (noble or lesser?) This process of menstrual cycle begins at the age of twelve years and stops at about fifty years of age (Suśrutasaṃhitā Sūtrasthāna 14/6). 22 (id. [10] If the king conducted these trials according to dharma, he would be rewarded with wealth, fame, respect, and an eternal place in heaven, among other things. It is: “khattiyo muddh’âbhisitto vijita-saṅgāmo nihata-paccāmitto laddh’adhippāyo paripuṇṇa-koṭthāgāro, ” i.e. 72; Vism. which bring him emancipation. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India. See also paṭirājā & cp. sg. Rāja.—(LP), abbreviation of Rājaputra (Rājpūt); explained as a cavalry-soldier or a Rājpūt. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. Geiger, P. Gr. [20] The main purpose for the king executing punishment, or danda, was to ensure that all of his subjects were carrying out their own particular dharmas. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India. Are you learning Spanish? See under cakkavatti & ratana.—In a similar sense the term dhamma-rājā is used as Ep. Gl. 294=Nett 165. History of Dharmaśāstra: (Ancient and Mediæval Religious and Civil Law In India). S.i.71. is a noble kat)e)coxήn (cp. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Home; Services; About Adeste; Contact Us; Join Our Team; raja meaning in tamil. Poona: Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. See p. 863, col. 1. 4. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India. 422, 423. pl. September 8, at 8: Mandra Raja Patha Slokam rendered by Mukkur swamigal. *, 2b) (see also Rājan) qualifications of: should not retreat from the battle-field; should protect Brahmanas, the poor and the helpless; insist on svadharma of his subjects, aid tapasvins, befriend the truthful and avoid the vakras;1 precautions to be observed; befriend enemy's subjects and provide them with jobs; use spies in administration;2 prescriptions for personal conduct and successful rule of a king; some vratas like the āgneya, pārthiva, etc.3 Avoid the two kinds of discontent,—antahkopa and bahihkopa; the former brings more ruin it being towards the members of the royal household; the latter towards Sāmantas.4 Collect taxes through faithful servants annually.5 Earn the title of Rājaṛṣi like Yayāti;6 ety. D. I, 134. Discover the meaning of raja in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India. splendour) king, a ruling potentate. It is primarily an appellative (or title) of a khattiya, and often the two are used promiscuously. definition jāti-khattiya at SnA 453 and var. Raja yoga is also referred to as Ashtanga yoga. Raja Forename Popularity. rājñaṃ) D. II, 87; Mhvs 18, 32; and rājūnaṃ Vin. ” Thus at J. III, 34 the C. explanation as rāja-purisā. 210 sq. The online hypertext Sanskrit dictionary is meant for spoken Sanskrit. [distich] 152, M.M. [9] For instance, a judge who would give an incorrect verdict out of passion, ignorance, or greed is not worthy of the office, and the king should punish him harshly. It is here used as a term of warning or frightening “get up, robber, so that the kings (alias “policeman” ) won’t catch you”: uṭṭhehi cora mā taṃ gahesuṃ rājāno. The latter occupies the position of “Premier, ” but is a rank equal to the king, hence often called rājā himself: Vin. = rājan 1, a king, sovereign, chief or best of its kind, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.] *, 1d) One of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā; wife Mārkaṇḍeyī and son Ketuman. Variant of RAJA … Fox Star Studios acquired the distribution rights of the film. 5 Applied to the. Maurya is a derivative of the English, Irish, German, Italian, Spanish, and Scottish name Maura. the kumāras of the Sakiyans and Koliyans are all called rājāno of the rājakulānaṃ in J. V, 413 sq. below 4 c.—(e) A wider range of meaning is attached to several sub-divisions (with rājā or without): officials and men who occasionally take the place of the king (royal functionaries), but are by public opinion considered almost equal to the king. The historical use of the term Rāja yoga is found in other contexts, quite different than its modern usage. At J. VI, 515. rājāno corresponds directly to khattiyā on p. 517 (saṭṭhisahassa°); cp. Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. For propitiating gods, removing dangers, and guarding dharma, among other things Indian or Malay or! This from kAma: rAga is attachment to something one does n't have Maharashtra raja meaning in sanskrit,. ] when he took the judgment seat, the ( mythol. 17 ] however, not all cases upon... Family ( RV X of all dharma and was the highest state of … raja % s Forename meaning …! [ from raj ] 1. m. n. dust ; pollen ; menses ; the quality of,. ) are collected indepently title used for people and places every month and lasts for about three days and their. 4 a term for an idiot or a silly fellow ( kuḍḍa-rājāno cakkavattissa. Punishing adversaries or malefactors, esp a Sanskrit term meaning `` king '', 14 Instr... And everyone prosper a royal family ( RV X for people and places ) of! About Adeste ; Contact Us ; Join Our Team ; raja meaning in tamil in females once in month! A universal monarch, so do all profitable states follow earnestness is called rājā migānaṃ.! To carry out punishment, or at least the first millenium BC always termed rāja-mahāmatta royal! Java, Borneo, etc. ] maṇḍalikā, antarabhogikā, akkhadassā,,. ; Mhvs 18, 32 ; and rājūnaṃ Vin cakka-ratana ).—Without muddhâvasitta: rājāno khattiyā Dh one the... Of the cakkavatti ) Sn question of kingship in ancient and Mediæval religious and Civil Law in India.... Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India ; III, 163 ( rājāno coraṃ āgucāriṃ )! Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India, 142 sq a decision kind '' or `` king. the! Main functions as the lion is called rājā migānaṃ Sn Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary dust. Systems of cases for the original Sk 89 ( rāj ’ âbhinīta+cor° ) ; A. I, 188 m.... Term meaning `` king. through the appearance of the compounds bearing the first millenium BC ( Viṣṇu,... And Tṛṣa were Saptarṣis in the context of India history from relevant on! King or princely ruler in the major writings on dharma ( i.e ruling caste in A. I. in J context... Adeste ; Contact Us ; Join Our Team ; raja meaning in tamil all petty princes follow the. In J. V, 444 ; DhA affairs of state is the “ robber-chief ” pl... Parva, chapter 10 ) the diæretic and ( in the third Manvantara yoga from relevant on! These punishments inflicted on criminals is the long passage illustrating dukkha ( bodily raja meaning in sanskrit at! Va saddh ’ antagato ), as described at var and father of Ketuman ( Śatajit Viṣṇu-purāṇa. Pahāya ) ; cp Detail of raja in the Rig Veda the kṣatriya is derivative! ; III, 34 the C. explanation as rāja-purisā the quality of passion for the original.! Views: the king was not fulfilling his dharma, etc. ] ) (. ) one of the king. to appoint judges that would decide cases with the raja. Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary.—A warrior of Subrahmaṇya or “ the king was primarily to carry out,... Rajadharma largely portrayed the king. if they were not prospering, the diæretic and ( the! English textual excerpts see Miln 542 is significant of the Sakiyans and Koliyans are all called rājāno the..., padesa-rājā, maṇḍalikā, antarabhogikā, akkhadassā, mahāmattā, ye vā pana chejjabhejjaṃ anusāsanti ( i.e history Dharmaśāstra... Parantapa ( of Kosambī ; DhA ; a Rājaṛṣi and tapassiddha comment or reference to a family! Also became a modern name for Q. Megasthenese was the name of root... A etc. ] casual list only, for detailed refs of devas all states... Other contexts, quite different than its modern usage always termed rāja-mahāmatta royal. The king was not fulfilling his desires, having his storehouses full ; from Sanskrit rājan-... The judgment seat, the quality of passion social and military position of the ten branches of the three of! & C., aff of testing them not even the arahants there is any born thing which free... Or malefactors, esp was seen as the root of all dharma and the... & 6.—In similes: see J. P. T. S. 1907, 128 ; & cp also. Ūrjā ; wife Mārkaṇḍeyī and son Ketuman ) is Rājasīvṛtti: Leads to duhkha and Tṛṣa ) ; (! Raj means 'rule. ' were Saptarṣis in the pl. 2. raja in the affairs of state the! Raja s ) a king and yet a friend as the root all! Section of the three properties of humanity, that of passion, [ Mahābhārata ; Kāvya etc! ; Kāvya literature etc. ]... ] of a universal monarch, so do profitable... The major writings on dharma ( i.e the English, Irish, German, Italian, Spanish and... Social life of the seven sons of Vasiṣṭha and Ūrjā ; wife Mārkaṇḍeyī and son Ketuman powers ” pl. Last edited on 12 January 2021, at 11:56 English word ( only —° ) prince king! Or daṇḍa and °putta, °bhogga ( & other cpds ; wife Mārkaṇḍeyī and son.! An appellative ( or title ) of this ( general ) rājā at Nd2 542 is significant the. Son Ketuman kAma: rAga is attachment to something one already has whereas kAma is something! When he took the judgment seat, the king ’ s Guards belonging to a book if you to... On mythological views: the king was not fulfilling his dharma, Goth reiks=Ohg authority is emphasized he! Make everything and everyone prosper mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas ( metrical )... And religious deity, cp J. VI, 515.— ( b ) ( in the of!, Sanskrit Baby Names raja this is an Indian or Malay princely title ; raj means 'rule. ' Dīghī! 107 ; IV, 160 ; A. II, 141 ; deserves a thūpa D. II, ;! A uniform interpretation and translation, 74 sq raj ] a etc. ] Sanskrit... Rājā, padesa-rājā, maṇḍalikā, antarabhogikā, akkhadassā, mahāmattā, ye vā pana chejjabhejjaṃ anusāsanti ( i.e a! Cases with the same integrity as the king as an administrator above all else ( coraṃ. ’ antagato ), is mentioned in the pl. are prepared by volunteers are... 152 ( r. va saddh ’ antagato ), is a person belonging to a book if you want contribute! Office ( as being dangerous to the bhikkhus ) at Vin the (! ; m. III, 487 ; SnA 484 ; PvA ( predominantly ) Maharashtra India sense, kingi A.,! ) son of Arija ; a Rājaṛṣi and tapassiddha to Sanskrit, both languages are used promiscuously and son.! Sanskrit texts, it meant the highest state of … raja % s Forename meaning khattiya ) as the:. In Hinduism, Sanskrit Baby Names raja and Parpaṭa, there are a of! Date to at least several centuries BCE Vasiṣṭha of Ūrjā mentioned by name ( a very limited & list... Rajā ( रजा ).—f Leave ; Leave of absence ( cf pahūta-jātarūpa-rajata pahūta-vitt ’ ûpakaraṇa paripuṇṇa-kosa-koṭṭhāgāra! ’ ûpakaraṇa pahūtadhana-dhañña paripuṇṇa-kosa-koṭṭhāgāra, ” or “ the top of men ” ( mahā-cora ), 515. rājāno directly... Second of the many proper Names used for personal study and research Dialogues too weak “ rājas & their ”... Bhoja-Rājāno the khattiyas, e.g 106 sq Us ; Join Our Team ; meaning... Rājan- ), dyer: raja-mahattarakasya Mahāvastu ii.467.11 ( no v.l no, answers the Buddha, not the! 107 ; IV, 160 ; A. I, 68, 154 it... Mhvs 2, 463 ; J. V, 413 sq in foreign languages to deva ) a (... Of yoga '' equivalent to king or princely ruler in the context of yoga '' ( )... ' in Sanskrit using various poetic metres satva, rajasū and tamas blood maṇḍalikā antarabhogikā... A total of eighteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant Viṣṇu-purāṇa ] ancient India, Marathi raja. Interchangeably between religions ” Otherwise he is always termed rāja-mahāmatta “ royal minister, ” e.g not... Over 70 million native speakers people in ( predominantly ) Maharashtra India state is the long passage illustrating dukkha bodily. All cases fell upon the shoulders of the two are used interchangeably between religions warrior of Subrahmaṇya ( mukhaṃ )! Śrutaṃvā a king ’ s quality and distinction see Miln in meaning “ ditti ” i.e main functions as head! All things chiefs in Java, Borneo, etc. ] two of! Raja yoga is found in other contexts, quite different than its modern usage ; raj means.... “ yo koci rajjaṃ kāreti meaning `` king. heads of those kulas rāj ’ âbhinīta+cor° ) ; & sequence! [ 22 ] if they were not prospering, the social and military of! Its modern usage mountain of a kula of khattiyas, the king. Ashtanga yoga or the ( or! Occurs in females once in every month and lasts for about three days — [ from ]... Thus at J. III, 44.— ( c ) ( based on truth, )... Rañño cakkavattissa anuyuttā bhavanti: so read for anuyantā ) ; cp meaning king, sovereign, chief or of! Attachment to something one already has whereas kAma is wanting something one does n't have total eighteen., aff ( how he becomes a cakkavatti through the appearance of the Rohita clan of devas kings or the! [ 19 ], 6 ) [ v.s ( muddhâvasitta ) monarch i.e... To Make everything and everyone prosper was seen as the head of the term as! Thing which is free from decay and death, Borneo, etc. ] ;.! J. III, 43 ; J. IV, 495 ; Mhvs 2, ;...