Types of Unilineal Descent A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more that believe, 34 out of 36 people found this document helpful, A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are, North Americans assume that they are related equally to the relatives on both the mother’s and, father’s side. phratry A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. Thus a lineage is a unilineal descent group in which membership may rest either on matrilineal descent (patrilineage) or on matrilineal descent (matrilineage). Bilateral Descent and the Kindred . Descent group that makes up half of a society . A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more that believe from ANTHROPOLO 2351 at Dallas County Community College • A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or … Separate terms are used for mother’s brother and father’s sister. If a society is divided into exactly two descent groups, each is called a moiety , after the French word for half . A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. and both father’s brother and mother’s brother are given the same kinship term, “uncle”? Phratry. Not common among foragers. a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans ANS: E DIF: Factual REF: Bilateral Kinship and the Kindred OBJ: 4 MSC: Pickup 33. The most lasting of Morgan's contributions was his discovery of the difference between descriptive and classificatory kinship, which situates broad kinship classes on the b… This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. Whether matrilineal or patrilineal descent is considered most significant differs from culture to culture. Phratry. In _____ kinship terminology, the term “brother” is given to ego’s brother, father’s brother’s, son, and mother’s sister’s song; a different term is used for the sons of father’s sister and, mother’s brother. Traditionally, the social organisation of Marind-anim, a tribal group in southern Irian in the island of New Guinea, is made out of exogamic phratries (Marind term boan). In some cultures, such as the Tlingit, and the Lenape, intermarriage between phratries was mandated. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. An extended unilineal kinship group, often consisting of several lineages, whose members claim common descent from a remote ancestor is called a: A) phratry B) descent group … asked Jul 31, 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos A) unilineal; moieties Moiety. group composed of at least two clans that are supposedly related. •Form of unilineal descent that follows a female line. Of the unilineal structures that we will investigate, the Akan and Igbo descent organization best conform to the corporate group model, assuming the fullest range of functions. phratry A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. Bilateral Descent … Kindred: A unilineal descent group consisting of a number of related clans. On an even smaller level, the basic kinship group of ancient Greek societies was the oikos (household). If a clan's apical ancestor is nonhuman, it is calle… A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patrician) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestor/ancestress. From their peak of prominence in the Greek Dark Ages, when they appear to have been a substantial force in Greek social life, phratries gradually declined in significance throughout the classical period as other groups (such as political parties) gained influence at their cost.[3]. In anthropology, the Greek term is used to describe a unilineal descent group composed of a number of supposedly related clans which each retain their separate identities, but each feels some sort of special identity to the others within its phratry. asked Jul 31, 2019 in Anthropology & Archaeology by Cheetos A) unilineal; moieties A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. Jane Leek, born and raised in the U.S., decides to hold a family reunion. Unilineal descent •Many societies construct kinship groupings, roles, and relationships by tracing descent exclusively through the male - patrilineal - or female - matrilineal - line. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. d. Bilateral kinship. Little is known about the role they played in Greek social life, but they existed from the Greek Dark Ages until the 2nd century BC. Descent group thatmakes up half of a society. This group brought together for a temporary time, with such, If two people are given the same kinship term, this means that. Phratry: Definition. a dualistic association of phratries, clans, or lineages This descent is usually unilineal, or derived only through the male (patriclan) or the female (matriclan) line. group composed of at least two clans that are supposedly related. She invites her sib-, lings, parents, both sets of grandparents, her great-aunts and great-uncles, their children, her, aunts, uncles, and their children. Totemism. Entire societies may be divided into two large uniline a l descent groups that have reciprocal responsibilities with each other.   Terms. Lineages can be matrilineal or patrilineal, depending on whether they are traced through mothers or fathers, respectively. 12 moiety Each group, usually consisting of several clans, that results from a division of a society in two halves on the basis of descent. long is called what kind of descent group? Members of a society may use kinship terms without all being biologically related, a fact already evident in Morgan's the use of the term affinity within his concept of the "system of kinship". A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patriclan) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestor\ancestress. Moiety ; Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. “A clan is a unilineal descent group, the members of which may claim either, patrilineal descent (patrician) or matrilineal descent (matrician) from a founder, but do not know the genealogicalities with the ancestor/ancestress”. Kinds of Descent Groups. The word “moiety” comes from the French word for _____, and exists when a society is divided into two and only two major descent groups. Moiety: Definition. phratry: see clan clan, social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. 18 Bilateral Kinship. A phratry may be formed when a clan grows so large that it splits up without losing their original (identity) connection. Flash cards for ANTH 10109 - Introduction to Anthropology with Kuijt at Notre Dame (ND). a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans ANS: e PG: 250 LO: 9 25. •The resulting units are called unilineal descent groups, either patrilineages or matrilineages according to the prevailing descent rule. Some societies group their clans into even larger-scale unilineal descent groups called phratries. - Typical examples are found in Scotland and among the Hopi of Arizona. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. The phratry founding ancestor is so remote genealogically that he or she is usually mythical. Types of Unilineal Descent Groups ... Clan is a kin group that consists of members who are the unilineal descandents of a common ancestor whose identity is forgotten and hence remains fictitous.A clan is thus a larger kin group than the lineage and includes members belonging to many generations. Phratriesand Moieties. phratry: see clan clan, social group based on actual or alleged unilineal descent from a common ancestor. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem). Some societies group their clans into even larger-scale unilineal descent groups called phratries. A clan is a unilineal descent groups the members of which may claim either partilineal (Patriclan) or matrilineal descent (Matriclan) from a founder, but do not know the genealogical ties with the ancestorancestress. Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. A phratry is a _____ descent group composed of supposedly related _____. •While both male & female children are members of their mother's matrilineal descent group, only daughters pass on family line to their offspring. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from a known apical ancestor. phratry This very large family group’s founding ancestor is so remote genealogically that he or she is usually mythical. Kin- the people that your society would classify as your relatives (married in, adoption, etc.) ... A _____ is anoncorporate descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestorbut cannot trace their genealogical links to that ancestor. A descent group is any social group in which membership depends on common descent from a real or mythical ancestor. Definition of Ambilineal Descent (noun) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father or mother as chosen by the individual. The Turkish village system and the Dani descent groupings exhibit the narrowest. Of the unilineal structures that we will investigate, the Akan and Igbo descent organization best conform to the corporate group model, assuming the fullest range of functions. Two larger kinds of descent groups are the phratry and the moiety. a. (4) MOIETY KINSHIP GROUP - A Moiety is a composite of 2 unilineal descent groups whose members live side by side, reciprocally helping one another. Clans may segment into … Mythical ancestors are thus common in clans and phratries. A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. In which kinship terminology are ego’s “brother” and “sister” distinguished from “cousins”. ... A _____ is anoncorporate descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestorbut cannot trace their genealogical links to that ancestor. Unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans with common ancestry. *Like individuals in the clan, phratry members cannot trace precisely their descent links to a common ancestor. 17. A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. A second method for abridging a descent system occurs when a unilineal group recognizes the cognatic kin of an individual for some specific purpose, such as the assumption of a leadership position. If only two such groups exist, each is a moiety. This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 16 pages. A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor. Course Hero, Inc. The group composed of such people to whom these individuals feel that they be-. Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. •Individuals are relatives if they can trace descent through females to the same female ancestor. A unilineal descent group composed of at least two clans that supposedly share a common ancestry, whether or not they really do. University of Missouri, St. Louis • ANTHROPOLO 1023, Dallas County Community College • ANTHROPOLO 2351, University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign • ANTH 103, Copyright © 2021. e. ... A phratry is a unilineal descentgroup composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related toeach other. A clan is a descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor (but often cannot demonstrate it, or "stipulated descent"). This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. A clan is a descent group that claims common descent from an apical ancestor (but often cannot demonstrate it, or "stipulated descent"). Important for horticultural, pastoral, and … The Turkish village system and the Dani descent groupings exhibit the narrowest. Normally, but not always, the clans are exogamous, or out-marrying: marriage within the clan is forbidden and regarded as a form of incest. Definition of Unilineal Descent ( noun ) Tracing an individual’s descent either through the father ( patrilineal ) or mother ( matrilineal ), but never both. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Kindreds count all individuals from each parent as relatives. Phratries contained smaller kin groups called gene; these appear to have arisen later than phratries, and it appears that not all members of phratries belonged to a genos; membership in these smaller groups may have been limited to elites. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. Term. 13 The Hawaiian system of kinship terminology is usually associated with what type of descent? Types of Unilineal Descent   Privacy b. Term. Phratry ; A unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. Phratry: (meaning "brotherhood") is a unilineal descent group composed of related clans and occur in sets of three or more -at least two clans that supposedly share a … Lineages can be matrilineal or patrilineal, depending on whether they are traced through mothers or fathers, respectively. A phratry is a grouping of clans which are related by traditions of common descent. Such groups have been known in all parts of the world and include some that claim the parentage or special protection of an animal, plant, or other object (see totem). c. Ambilineal descent. no one can tell the difference between them. A lineage is a descent group that can demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor. � Phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of 2 or more clans � Clans assume they share a common ancestor but don�t know precise genealogical links of that ancestry � Moiety is the term used for each group that results from a division of a society into 2 halves on the basis of descent In ancient Greece, a phratry (phratria, Greek: φ(ρ)ατρία, "brotherhood", "kinfolk", derived from φρατήρ meaning "brother") was a social division of the Greek tribe (phyle). The word fimoietyfl comes from the French word for _____, and exists when a society is divided into two and only two major descent … Thus, a phratry is a unilineal descent . 13 (p. 271) a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans 18. This kind of descent group is usually seen where small family groups are more adaptive than large ones and individual mobility is high, e.g., industrial societies. 17. Among Native Americans, a phratry is often identified by a nature sign. [1], In Athens, enrollment in a phratry seems to have been the basic requirement for citizenship in the state before the reforms of Cleisthenes in 508 BC. e. ... A phratry is a unilineal descentgroup composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related toeach other. Evolution of the Descent Group. a unilineal descent group consisting of a number of related clans. (p. 271) a. moieties b. totems c. kindred d. lineages e. clans 18. Members do not know thegenealogical links to that ancestor. Try our expert-verified textbook solutions with step-by-step explanations. A ) unilineal ; clans B ) unilineal ; moieties C ) bilateral ; A phratry may be formed when a clan grows so large that it splits up without losing their original (identity) connection. There is only one type of non-unilineal descent group, the kindred. The most lasting of Morgan's contributions was his discovery of the difference between descriptive and classificatory kinship, which situates broad kinship classes on t… Non-Unilineal Descent Groups. Members of a moiety a. belong to one of two major descent groups in a society. Answer to A phratry is a _____ descent group composed of supposedly related _____ . Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phratry&oldid=986500808, Articles needing additional references from November 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 07:28. Phratry ; A unilineal descent group composed of two or more clans that claim to be of common ancestry. � Phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of 2 or more clans � Clans assume they share a common ancestor but don�t know precise genealogical links of that ancestry � Moiety is the term used for each group that results from a division of a society into 2 halves on the basis of descent 18 Bilateral Kinship. d. Bilateral kinship. 12 moiety Each group, usually consisting of several clans, that results from a division of a society in two halves on the basis of descent. "[2] Homer refers to them several times, in passages that appear to describe the social environment of his times. Find answers and explanations to over 1.2 million textbook exercises. Moiety ; Each group that results from a division of a society into two halves on the basis of descent. (3) PHRATRY KINSHIP GROUP - A phratry consists of a conglomeration of clans whose members feel that they are closely related. 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