Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? a population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. Commission Exams Past Papers and Syllabus, Current Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Pakistan MCQs, Current Special Assistant to PM Pakistan Mcqs, Every International Organization Headquarter MCQs, Current Presidents of International Organization MCQs, Current Chief Justices and Secretaries of Pakistan MCQs, Current Opposition Leaders of Pakistan Mcqs. (Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century.). Kotri Barrage is also known as Ghulam Muhammad Barrage named after then Governor General. Read More . We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. The maneuver allows the dolphin to move between shallow pools of water in the dry season—but it can’t help the animal cope with the Indus River’s dams. A. River Ravi B. River Indus C. River Jheulum D. River Sutlej. Guddu Barrage Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. In the legend, when a woman offers butter and milk to a mystic patron of the river, the waters part and she safely crosses to the other side. The barrage was constructed at a location where the Indus was meandering and the river width was 11 to 13 km. Question: The purpose of a darn is to control the flow of water in floods and _____ water so that canals can get water for the … It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. On its sturdy body, a small dorsal fin maintains stability as it swims. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. In the bottom left corner of the image, the river is pinched by the Guddu Barrage, a C-shaped barrier constructed to facilitate irrigation in nearby Sindh province. D: Indus. Pingers usually are used to warn dolphins away from fishing nets, says Uzma Khan, “but we want to test them near canals to see if they stop dolphins from swimming into them.”. It has gates through which the water passes in a limited quantity. “In wildlife conservation, problems arise very suddenly. Guddu Barrage Is Built On. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. Guddu barrage was inaugrated on 1st March 1965 Guddu Barrage: The barrage is 1355 m (4445 ft.) long and is now considered to pass flood discharges of 34,000 cumec (1.2 million cusec). Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? That’s how fast she is,” Mirbar says, adding that the dolphins target large and small fish alike. The exact location of the river is kashmore in Sindh province. While the rescue was successful, it's unknown whether the animal survived. Discovery of Natural Gas and construction of barrage across Indus River has transformed Guddu, Sindh, Pakistan into a modern town. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Ans. More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. Some dolphins can still move through dams if its gates are open—particularly if the animal is young or small—but then they often get trapped in irrigation canals, shallow pools, deep ponds, and sometimes even fields, where they can starve and overheat to death. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? It was inaugurated by Field Marshal Ayub Khan at that time. Q3. (See beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. The remaining Indus dolphins are concentrated mostly in the Pakistani province of Sindh, in a 410-mile stretch of river between the Guddu and Kotri dams. Guddu barrage — being the first barrage over Indus River in Sindh — is supposed to play a crucial role in managing normal river water flows, shortages and emergencies like floods. 2. The meeting decided that a new barrage needed to built at Sukkur. … Ans. C: Chenab. Sukhur Barrage; It is the barrage near Sukhur across the Indus river. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Q4. If that happens, he asks, “What will our children see?”, One of world's rarest dolphins rebounding in Pakistan, Photograph courtesy of François Xavier Pelletier, WWF, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/06/rare-indus-dolphins-rebounding-pakistan.html, Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions, See photos of river dolphins around the world, Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch, Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century, See videos revealing the power of dams—and dam removal, perhaps the most notable in December 2019, Learn about the difficulties involved in rescuing wild animals, beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. Today, the 200-pound cetacean only occupies 20 percent of its original range. Vast reservoirs of natural gas were discovered at Sui, Balochistan in 1953 to pave the way for the development of a gigantic power system at Guddu, Sindh. The Guddu Barrage Command area of the Ghotki Feeder has five drains with a length of 4,970 miles and the under-construction Right Bank Outfall Drain-II has a length of 170 miles. A. Indus River Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. Guddu Barrage is located in Kashmore with a length of 4445 feet and 64 gates. The maximum discharge capacity of Guddu Barrage is 1200000 cusecs (m3/ s-1) 18. When the dolphin hears the sound of fishermen’s engines on their small boats, it approaches and swims with them.” (Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch. But a dam at the western end of the park restricts their ability to travel freely during the monsoon season, a crucial part of their life cycle. It is connected to almost 6166-mile long canal network to irrigate almost 5 million acres of agricultural land. Another small population of at least seven animals live in India’s Beas River, an Indus tributary. However, a rigorous government conservation program has educated local communities, rescued stranded dolphins, and is steadily increasing their numbers, Khan says. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”. Some 110 drains of the Left Bank Outfall Drain are spread in the Sukkur and Kotri barrages with a length of 968 miles. How have rivers served men? Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. Submitted By: Ahmed. “In the past, some people used to eat the dolphin. A barrage is a kind of wall. Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. For rescuers like Mirani, saving the Indus River dolphin is a civic responsibility. Kotri and Guddu barrage, which were constructed in 1956 and 1962, have included fish passes to facilitate hilsa migration. Sukkur Barrage (Sindhi: سکر بئراج ‎, Urdu: سکھر بیراج ‎) is a barrage on the River Indus near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan.The barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and was named Lloyd Barrage.The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan's irrigation system as it is the largest single irrigation network of its kind in the world. You have to give instant relief and make a decision in that moment on how you’ll resolve things,” he says. My father told them, Don’t eat the dolphin, because this is an innocent animal, and it’s the beauty of the river.”, Much about the Indus dolphin remains shrouded in mystery, including this: What happens to rescued dolphins once they’re set free in the river? It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. With the feasibility report now finalised, Guddu barrage’s rehabilitation will start with the bid award for construction. Answer: D Answer. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. On a sunny afternoon in February, he rows his wooden boat across the river at Lab-e-Mehran park, where he earns money giving boat rides to tourists and park visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of the rare dolphin. 2. The Guddu Barrage is 1,350 m (4,430 ft) long – irrigating Sukkur, Jacobabad, Larkana and Kalat. The Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus . As the water softly laps against the rocky riverbank, a pink dolphin surfaces with a splash, then disappears beneath the water. The answer to them is a barrage. Now, they’ve not only cut off the dolphins’ ability to migrate; their diversions also can lead to dangerously low water levels. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river A: Jhelum. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Ans. Ans: The Guddu Barrage is one of the biggest barrages in Pakistan, which has been built on the Indus river. Sukkur barrage was inaugrated by lord Wellington on 13th jan 1932. Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. 2. Question: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Sutluj River Jehlum River Ravi River Indus River Answer: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Indus River Indus River is the location of guddu barrage. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. Nazir Mirani, the son of a fisherman, has worked with Sindh Wildlife for 30 years; he has bite marks on his hands from past rescues. “Every rescued animal needs to be tagged,” Uzma Khan says. Two things happened in the beginning of this century’s second half, within ten years of each other: vast reservoirs of natural gas were discovered at Sui (Balochistan) in 1953 to pave the way for development of a gigantic power system in the years to come, and Guddu barrage was constructed across the river Indus by WAPDA in 1963. THE GUDDU BARRAGE . ), WWF has proposed putting satellite tags on dolphins to track their movements, learn more about their biology, and inform conservation efforts. The irrigation and flood control purpose was the big stakes of that government. (Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions.). Fishermen in these provinces tell an origin story for the species. Your email address will not be published.  Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. Fish passes in Kotri barrage were not properly designed to facilitate migration of hilsa. One is how to get water from them all the year round and the other is how to escape from their floods. And it’s nearly blind, as sight is unnecessary in the river’s murky waters. Posts Tagged with… Gudu Barrage, Gudu Barrage was constructed on. “It’s overwhelming because they’re everywhere.”, At the same time, she says, “it’s a situation which can be challenging, because all these dolphins are just in one stretch of the Indus River.”, between local and international conserva-. “You have to really put in effort [in fishing], or else you can’t catch up with the dolphin. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. It blocks the flow of water. All rights reserved. Locally known as bhulan in the Urdu and Sindhi languages, the Indus dolphin “has been in the Indus for thousands of years, and is a mark of the Harappa civilization,” says Mir Akhtar Talpur, a field officer for Sindh Wildlife Department, a government agency. The dolphin’s long beak easily snaps up fish and other prey. Guddu Barrage Guddu Barrage is a barrage across river Indus, near Kashmore in Pakistan. Its colors—brown, a range of grays, or rarely, a dusky pink—help the animal blend into the sediment-laden river. Q3. He remembers the gharial, a crocodile that once lived in the Indus but is now locally extinct..He doesn’t want the dolphin to suffer the same fate. What the rescuers lack in resources, they make up for in dedication. See All. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. For one, these marine mammals are very sensitive to loud noises and human presence, and can suffer from health problems such as high blood pressure when being evacuated. Construction of a single additional spur on the left bank of the River Indus upstream of Guddu Barrage to improve the river approach conditions. “If you go downstream from the Guddu [barrage], and you keep sailing, there comes a point where you see dolphins everywhere around you,” Khan says. Mirani is the third generation in his family to help in conserving dolphins, offering the agency advice and knowledge from his years on the water. Q4. People rescue two Indus river dolphins in the Kirthar Canal, near Sukkur. Required fields are marked *. The barrage was completed in 1962. President Iskander Mirza laid the foundation-stone of Guddu Barrage on 2 February 1957. The barrages were built in the mid-20th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Engro, an energy company that works with the thermal power plant connected to Guddu dam, did not respond to requests for comment about the dam’s impacts on the species. D. Tigris River. Ans: The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. It irrigates an area of 2.7 million acres. Finally, irrigation and flood control purposes were duly met after guddu barrage. The total cost of project is estimated at Rs20bn. This quiet riverside park in the southern city of Sukkur, popular with families out for a stroll, is also home to the endangered Indus River dolphin, one of only four freshwater dolphin species left on Earth. 2. Before dams fragmented the species’ habitat, the dolphins would swim upstream to tributaries during the monsoon and return to the Indus in the dry season. How many total number of Barrages made on the Indus river? The construction of Guddu Barrage was completed in 1962. … We fish, and we take care of the dolphin,” says Mirani, as he sits in the shade of a tree and looks out at the sun-streaked river. Guddu Barrage was constructed on ? Q.1 What is a barrage? © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Ans. But once, she fails to make an acceptable offering—and the river spirit transforms her into a dolphin. Descon Bags Project from Maple Leaf Cement Factory Ltd. Another technology that could help conserve dolphins is planting “pingers” near the openings to canals. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. “For generations, we’ve been living near the river and sailing in boats. Now, they’ve not only cut off … It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. Many of the animals get stuck in pools or canals due to widespread diversion dams called barrages. Modern peoples of the Sindh and Punjab Provinces are considered the Harappa’s direct descendants, and value the dolphin as part of their heritage. 2. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. B. Jhelum River How have rivers served men? Ans. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. Ans. After construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932, hilsa migration was limited to Sukkur barrage since it doesn’t have any fish passes. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. For fisherman Gul Mohammed Mirbar, the dolphin is a lifelong companion; he was 10 years old when he first saw one. Mcq Added by: Adden wafa. What’s more, faced with limited funding and outdated equipment, the small rescue team must get creative in saving dolphins—which often means investing their own resources, says Hamid Khan. In 2019, WWF-Pakistan and Sindh Wildlife Department rescued a female Indus River dolphin from Dadu canal, in the Larkana district, and transported her via ambulance back to the river. on Gudu Barrage was constructed on which river? The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals . population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. 1963 C. 1964 D. 1965. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Guddu Barrage. Guddu barrage was constructed in.... A. “And we need to know, how many dolphins are dying?”. The animal relies largely on an internal sonar system that bounces sound waves off objects to find prey, navigate the river, and communicate with other dolphins. Your email address will not be published. The Guddu Barrage - Chapter Summary - English IX Chapter Summary from "The Guddu Barrage" for class 9th, D(, Ninth Class There are two main problems connected with the rivers. The barrage was compl Works include:  Strengthening, raising and widening of the existing upstream and downstream embankments and river training works on the left and right banks of the River Indus at Guddu Barrage. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Adnan Hamid Khan, the deputy conservator in Sukkur for the Sindh Wildlife Department, has participated in several rescues, perhaps the most notable in December 2019. The Sukkur Barrage serves over 20,000 km 2 (7,700 sq mi). Guddu Barrage: It was constructed between 1956 and 1962 Taunsa Barrage: Its construction began in 1953 Warsak Dam: Its construction began in 1956 Baran Dam: Started in 1950s. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF, THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”, Throughout the 20th century, the widespread construction of diversion dams, called barrages fragmented the range of the Indus River dolphin. It’s a similar story throughout Pakistan: Widespread construction of diversion dams called barrages have effectively destroyed the species’ habitat. Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. Though Mirbar considers dolphins part of the environment, he and fellow fishermen also regard the dolphins as competitors that eat the very fish that are the men’s livelihood. In general, “the dolphin is a friend of humans,” says Khadim Hussain, a representative of a fishermen advocacy organization in Taunsa, a city in Punjab Province. Studies have found DDT and other pesticides in the animals’ tissue, according to Uzma Khan, Asia coordinator for WWF’s River Dolphins Initiative. Q.2 What are the benefits of the Guddu barrage? The animal lingers briefly before diving back into the water, its dorsal fin gleaming in the sun. it is 2984 Feet Long and started in 1955 13th March. 2. A barrage is a kind of wall constructed across the river which has gates. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. The rescue process isn’t easy. “And it doesn’t pose any harm to fisherfolk. It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. There are now 1,987 Indus dolphins in Pakistan, according to the most recent WWF survey, up from 132 animals in 1972. The devices make a ting ting sound, inaudible to humans, that dolphins avoid. In a secluded pocket of Pakistan’s Lab-e-Mehran park, the smooth waters of the Indus River break into circular ripples, and the head of a pale gray dolphin appears. Posts Tagged with… Gudu Barrage, Gudu Barrage was constructed on. Ans. Guddu Barrage was constructed on ? It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. River dolphin found in a century. ) first new species of river found. Was inaugurated by Field Marshal Ayub Khan at that time advanced drainage systems network to irrigate 5... Threat to the most important and strategic structure of the animals get in. B. Jhelum river C. Nile river D. Tigris river, Larkana and Kalat Indus C. river Jheulum river! Nile river D. Tigris river ’ t have any fish passes year round and the river Indus February 1957 hilsa! 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