REL40943.001. Some nurses were wounded from shrapnel. Australian nurses have been going to war for more than 100 years. The AANS nurses - as part of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) - were initially sent to Egypt, then moved on to France and Belgium. Australian doctors, nurses, orderlies, drivers and assistants, mainly women, volunteered to serve in British units that were sent to Serbia in 1914-15 and to the Salonika (or “Eastern”) Front in 1916-18, to assist the Serbian Army. Some were born here, some lived and worked here and some registered for service here. Apr 25, 2016 - A tribute to the nurses of WW1. Australian nurses have been going to war for more than 100 years. More than 2000 Australian nurses served in that war, including 130 with the British Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service. The individual I will be referencing is Vera Scantlebury Brown, a University of Melbourne graduate who was one of five Australian female doctors working at Endell Street Military Hospital in London. Where there are men fighting, there are always nurses. The New South Wales Army Nursing Service Reserve, formed in 1899, was the first Australian military nursing organisation. 302802, Accession Number: The nurses to staff the medical units, which formed an integral part of the AIF, were recruited from the Australian Army Nursing Service Reserve and from the civil nursing profession. We pay our respects to elders past and present. She remained perfectly composed and continued tending her patients when her camp was under heavy bombardment. Marion’s grandmother, Lucy Leane belonged to the… Arabia, to volunteer their services, for … At first the situation on the island seemed hopeless. A04118, When their tents and equipment failed to turn up, medical staff of 3AGH had to sleep rough. Other items in the collection relating to Matron Grace Wilson. On her return to Australia after the war, Morrice was involved for many years in the NSW Bush Nursing Association, specialising in midwifery and the care of infants. 2021 A05332. Medical supplies were limited and there was a desperate lack of fresh water. Sister Pratt described the scene in her diary: On arrival at Lemnos, the nurses were marched into camp, led by Matron Grace Wilson and Lieutenant Colonel James Dick. She was appointed head sister of 1AGH in Egypt in 1916. The wounded think the old ship is heaven after the peninsula. For centuries Australian nurses have dealt face-to-face with war. Forty Australian nurses arrived on Lemnos on August 8, 1915. The Australian War Memorial was voted the number one landmark in Australia by travellers in the 2016 Trip Advisor awards. Highlighting the impact of Edith’s role in the war and the resonance of her ultimate sacrifice, popular British starlet Anna Neagle played the fearless nurse in the Oscar-nominated 1939 film Nurse Edith Cavell. P01480.002, In the summer months an early morning dip in Mudros Bay provided relief from the blistering Mediterranean heat. While enabling direct participation in the war effort, nursing also provided opportunities for independence and travel, sometimes with the hope of being closer to loved ones serving overseas. But despite enjoying honorary officer status, the nurses were still considered "other ranks" when it came to awards. Mrs. Haldane Hicks, who died at Winchester, England,on April 15, was a former Tasmanian, and member of the Australian nursing service. The first bravery awards for Australian women were given to four nurses. I believe it to be awful in India. 25-4-15 Red letter day. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) was an Australian Army Reserve unit which provided a pool of trained civilian nurses who had volunteered for military service during wartime. The nurses also caught the diseases of the trenches like measles, mumps, typhus, influenza and dysentery. Nurses are listed by hospital, then alphabetically. Unlike any war Australia has fought in before or since, the Western Front took 46,000 Australian lives in just over two years and wounded or gassed over 132,000 more. This was the highest bravery award available to them. I have never regretted that I took the notion into my head to take on nursing, for it has opened up opportunities that I would never have had. Lessons from Content Marketing World 2020; Oct. 28, 2020. Click on a name to go to an individual's biography. She became sick with diphtheria in November 1915, and in 1918 became sick with influenza and pneumonia. Nursing staff worked around the clock. Prior to Australia's Federation in 1901, each colony controlled its own defence force, of which the nursing services formed a part. https://anzacday.org.au/ww1-the-nurses http://www.travel-nurse-information-australia.com/World-War-1-Nurses.html It is written that Sister Mowbray was one of the most successful nurses in her profession before enlisting, but she felt she could help others at the Front and so she put her career aside and gave her life in the service of nursing wounded and sick soldiers. Nurses worked long hours and in shocking conditions and the women witnessed first-hand the suffering of countless lives in the horror of the Western Front. Although resident in Canada since childhood she was born in Liverpool, New South Wales, Australia in 1891. One of them, Sister Mary Ridley Makepeace was a nurse in my Boer War database who was also one of the Boer War veterans to serve in WW1, retiring in … Read More It is the shrapnel that tears through the flesh and cuts off limbs. Nurses were present on the Western Front, and in Greece, England, India, Egypt, and Italy. The nurses were posted either to the 1st Australian General Hospital (1AGH), established in the grand Heliopolis Palace Hotel in Cairo, or to 2AGH in Mena House, a former royal hunting lodge. Our collection contains a wealth of material to help you research and find your connection with the wartime experiences of the brave men and women who served in Australia’s military forces. J01438, The tent wards were draughty and hard to keep clean. 2139 Australian Army nurses served abroad in WW1, of whom 25 died. J01446, Accession Number: Seven AANS nurses, Sisters Dorothy Cawood, Clara Deacon, Mary Jane Derrer, Alice Ross-King, Alicia Kelly, Rachael Pratt, and Pearl Corkhill, were awarded the Military Medal, "for acts of gallantry and devotion to duty under fire" while working in casualty clearing stations in France. Military nurses often work in remote and dangerous places, under difficult conditions. Australian Nurses of WW1. The nurses saw soldiers in their most pitiful state – wounded, blood-stained, dirty. Many of them were decorated, with eight receiving the Military Medal for bravery. If you have a photograph of a Serviceman/Woman who enlisted 1914-1918 who was from Australia and is resting in a United Kingdom Cemetery and you would be happy to share it with others please email using the icon above Your support would be greatly appreciated Following surgery in Britain, Pratt was posted to various Australian auxiliary hospitals there before returning to Australia at the end of the war. The AANS was formed in 1902 by amalgamating the nursing services of the colonial-era militaries, and formed part of the Australian Army Medical Corps. WW1 nurses. Photographs from the Australian War Memorial. She was not only a capable Matron, but what is more, a woman of understanding.". Metal fragments tore into her back and shoulders, puncturing her lung, but she continued to care for her patients right up until she collapsed. Between 1916 and 1919 more than 500 AANS nurses served in British hospitals in India, where their patients included hundreds of Turkish prisoners of war and wounded British troops. She was awarded the Military Medal for her "bravery under fire". These were challenging locations for the women. How did the nurses get enlisted into the war In the First World War, nurses were recruited from both the nursing service and the civilian profession and served as an integral part of the Australian Imperial Forces. Despite their own discomfort and the huge workload, the nurses persevered and within a month were treating over 900 patients. Often serving far from home, they care for the sick and wounded on land and sea, and in the air. Within three months it was operating as a 1,500-bed hospital. There are several lists in this file. Many worked in British hospitals or in British army nursing units, and later with Australian units, as well as hospital ships and in Australian hospitals for the wounded. Acceptance of nurses as equal contributors with doctors on the front line is still to fully arrive. This website was created by Brianna Thomas. When the Second World War broke out, nurses again volunteered, motivated by a sense of duty and a desire to “do their bit”. On the morning of August 9, 200 patients arrived at the hospital before breakfast. Interests: Australian Army Nursing Service, Australian nurses in WW1; Author; Share; Posted 22 January , 2013 . Matron Grace Wilson arrived on Lemnos in early August, just days after learning of the death of her brother, Graeme, shot by a Turkish sniper on Gallipoli three months earlier. At the beginning of August 1915, during the Gallipoli campaign, 3AGH was landed on a bare and treeless hillside on the island of Lemnos. You can download the words to ‘You never came home’ HERE. More than 3,000 Australian civilian nurses volunteered for active service during the First World War. Published 2 April 2014. H18510, Temporary Matron Jean Miles Walker (centre front) with nursing staff of 1st Australian Stationary Hospital in Egypt. The words to ‘You never came home’ on the video above were wrtten by Peter Barnes the author of ‘Can You Hear Australia’s Heroes Marching?’ Music is Chopin’s Funeral March. The wounded came in an endless stream, day and night, some barely able to walk, others on stretchers, shivering or unconscious through loss of blood. The nurses found the tropical monsoonal climate debilitating. During periods of heavy fighting, there were numerous surgical cases; at other times there were many casualties from gas, and the hospital became a "gas centre". Australian nurses faced many environmental challenges in France and Belgium from 1916 when they moved with the AIF to the European theatre of war. Australia’s casualty rate was around 65 per cent and was the highest in the British Empire. C02305, Accession Number: In May 1915, Evelyn was nursing aboard the British Hospital Ship Assaye, which was taking on the Gallipoli casualties. The photograph above is of Sister Martha Ann King. Company's R.M.S. While enabling direct participation in the war effort, nursing also provided opportunities for independence and travel, sometimes with the hope of being closer to loved ones serving overseas. Nurses often serving far from home, taking care for the sick and wounded on land, sea, and in the air. Leading by example, Wilson set about bringing order out of chaos at the tent hospital. It is all too dreadful and every day we hear of someone we knew being killed or wounded. Remote health initiatives to help minimize work-from-home stress; Oct. 23, 2020 P03166.001, Accession Number: Australian Paintings – Series of paintings of Australians in war time by Peter Barnes. Besides working in hospitals, the nurses served in casualty clearing stations near the front line and on hospital ships and trains. Speaking to News Corp Australia from Lemnos tour leader and retired Registered Nurse Clare Ashton said 100 Australian nurses served on Lemnos during the war. 2139 Australian Army nurses served abroad in WW1, of whom 25 died. Come and see why. Their presence served not only as a strong medical force but also as a source of emotional care and an all-hands-on-deck approach to fighting the fight. P04397.001. Marion’s grandmother, Lucy Leane belonged to the… “In his much-admired book published in 1975,” Baroness Williams of Crosby, the daughter of Voluntary Aid Detachment nurse Vera Brittain says, “The Great War and Modern Memory, the American literary critic and historian, Paul Fussell, wrote about the pervasive myths and legends of WW1, so powerful they became indistinguishable from fact in many minds. This Friday on November 10, the Ipswich Hospital Museum will unveil a plaque in their honour. Matron Grace Wilson doing her rounds on Lemnos, 1915. I did have contact with the lady who researched the nurses for the ODH booklet but would need to search for her details for you, if you would like to contact her. A n Australian historical book detailing the stories and real life experiences of World War One Australian Nurses AANS. 21 AANS nurses died during their war service and a number shortly thereafter. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) comprised more than 3000 nurses during the war, over 2,200 of whom served outside Australia. Included in this number was Marion Smith. In addition to the numerous stone memorials that have been erected, streets, medical and nursing facilities, schools, and gardens, from the UK and Belgium, to Australia, Canada and the USA, have all … The video below entitled ‘You never came home’ is a memorial to the Australians who died on the Western Front in WW1. Sister Mowbray was one of the first to offer her services. Australian Nurses in WW1 What countries did the nurses have to go to, in order to help the soldiers? The place reeked with the odours of blood, antiseptic dressings and unwashed bodies. Nurses were present on the Western Front, and in Greece, England, India, Egypt, and Italy. Twenty-five died during their service. During the war more than 2,000 of its members served overseas alongside Australian nurses working with other organisations, such as the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS), the Red Cross, or privately sponsored facilities. Such service does not come without a cost. The Australian War Memorial acknowledges the traditional custodians of country throughout Australia. They could be found … These are the East Melbourne people who served in the First World War as nurses. Covid nurse death toll now as high as the number of nurses who died during World War One. Nurses of the 3rd Australian General Hospital form up to follow a piper into their camp under the leadership of their matron, Miss Grace Wilson, and second in command of the hospital, Lieutenant Colonel JA Dick, at Mudros West, Lemnos. Perth, Australia: Katherine Porter 16 July 1919 Pneumonia Sydney, Australia: Kathleen Power 13 August 1916 Illness India: Doris Ridgway 6 January 1919 Pneumonia: Perth, Australia: Elizabeth Rothery 15 June 1918 Illness Beechworth, Australia: Mary Stafford 20 March 1919 Leukemia: Torrens Park, Australia: Ada Thompson 1 January 1919 All rights reserved, Lieutenant Harold Williams, wounded in September 1918. P01667.002. She then moved in January 1916 to the Abbassia Barracks in Cairo until October when she travelled to England to the Kitchener War Hospital in Brighton. In the First World War, nurses were recruited from both the nursing service and the civilian profession and served as an integral part of the Australian Imperial Forces. Around 3000 Australian nurses served as part of the Australian Army Nursing Service in places as diverse as Egypt, England, France, Gallipoli, Italy, Burma, Salonica and India. Remote health initiatives to help minimize work-from-home stress; Oct. 23, 2020 One of the main roles for women in WW1 was nursing for those who has become either sick, injured or diseased. Many soldiers being wounded more than once. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) was formed in 1903. For the next nine months, soldiers were ferried to hospitals on the nearby Greek islands of Imbros and Lemnos, or transferred to Malta, Egypt, and Britain. AANS nurses were also posted to Salonica in Greece, where by 1918 one in five of the nurses in British military hospitals was Australian. The following year, Morrice was awarded the Royal Red Cross 2nd Class for "valuable services with the Armies in France and Flanders". Many of the nurses felt sidelined from the real action of caring for "our boys" on the Western Front. They served in locations from Britain to India, taking in France and Belgium, the Mediterranean, and the Middle East. AIF nurses who served in India, Official record AWM27 373/25. Common illnesses in the trenches were usually ignored, but in a worse enough case they were sent to the nurse. H16063. All we can do is feed them and dress their wounds. Sister King was born at Kensington, South Australia. Sister King returned to Australia on the 4th of July 1919. She trained at the Adelaide Hospital. Convoy arrived, about 400 – no equipment whatever – just laid the men on the ground and gave them a drink ... they are shattered and [we] have nothing to give them – no comfort whatever. Professor Melanie Oppenheimer from Flinders University says there were two distinct groups of Australian nurses in WWI - members of the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) who left "officially" and the rest. Military nurses work under difficult conditions in remote and dangerous places. Use this login for Shop items, and image, film, sound reproductions. She is buried at the Cairo War Memorial Cemetery. Wards on the lower decks were crowded and poorly ventilated, and even simple nursing tasks were made difficult by the movement of the ship. Australian War Memorial, Canberra. The women worked in hospitals, on hospital ships and trains, or in casualty clearing stations closer to the front line. The Mini-series portrays real events and real people. She and more than a hundred Australian nurses did not want to miss the chance of overseas service so they were recruited for the QAs in Australia. Donnell was a South Australian nursing sister who served with the 3rd Australian General Hospital at the Lemnos field hospital on 12 October 1915. Sister Florence Syer. Sister Fanny Hines from Victoria died in South Africa. We recognise their continuing connection to land, sea and waters. She was an Australian Military Nurse of World War 1. There were the freezing winters to adapt to, which were a major change for those used to working in more temperate climates, although one nurse brought up in the Snowy Mountains in New … Accession Number: They attended to all wounded Australians in all major campaigns, including Lemnos Island (off Gallipoli), Egypt, Salonika (Greece), England, France and Belgium. Australia's World War 1 Nurses There were 2139 Australian nurses who served overseas in the First World War, 25 died, 388 were decorated, 7 were awarded Miltary Medals for courage under fire. Sister King’s photograph is also included in the video below titled ‘You never came home’. Some of the badly wounded were returned to Australia on hospital ships, accompanied by nurses. On the long sea voyage, they were kept busy assisting with vaccinations and operations, and training male orderlies. During the invasion of Belgium in 1914, Sister Claire Trestrail was one of three Australian nurses who joined the privately funded Auxiliary Hospital Unit in Antwerp. Accession Number: She was assigned to the 38th British Casualty Clearance Station on August 21, 1918. Here they received treatment from surgeons, and encountered nurses for the first time. Nurses treated patients near or just behind the front lines at field hospitals, evacuation stations, or clearinghouses—even in churches that were turned into hospitals. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) had been formed in July 1903 as part of the Australian Army Medical Corps. Places of Pride, the National Register of War Memorials, is a new initiative designed to record the locations and photographs of every publicly accessible memorial across Australia. With little preparation, they were expected to manage large hospitals, overseeing non–English speaking staff who had very different customs. Nurses outside of Boulogne hospital hotel, clearly relieved that the ambulance is empty Nursing sisters were responsible for overseeing the work of ward staff and ensuring the wellbeing of patients in their care. In order to deal with the thousands of wounded men, a system of battlefield evacuation and treatment was developed. What distinguishes her from other nurses was her particular Australian connection. Australian nurses often had to learn and exercise new medical skills that they had been restricted from using in their prior civilian careers. The adventure begins for a group of Australian nurses departing in the troopship HMAT Euripides, Melbourne, May 1916. And they were constantly at the mercy of the weather, with tents regularly blowing over. Some nurses have lost their lives serving their country and helping their fellow citizens. Soon afterwards, Trestrail joined the QAIMNS and returned to the front. A02740. The primary role that women had was in the medical field as nurses and doctors, both locally and internationally. All shifts began and ended with prayers and a Christian ethos underpinned all nursing and medical tasks. The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) comprised more than 3000 nurses during the war, over 2,200 of whom served outside Australia. The photograph on the left (above on a mobile phone) is of Sister Norma Violet Mowbray. P02298.008, Red Cross nurse Sister Duffy acts as anaesthetist during a surgical procedure in a French hospital. Hi Tribute, Welcome and many thanks for your contribution. Accession Number: Right from the landings on 25 April 1915, nurses cared for hundreds of casualties in the hospital and transport ships anchored off-shore. One night, early in July 1917, Sister Pratt was on duty at a casualty clearing station in Bailleul, France, when a German bomb exploded near her tent. The evacuation from Gallipoli in December, 1915, freed the Australian troops, and early in 1916 they were transferred to France. Kirsty outlines the complication of unearthing information about specific Australian nurses in WWI, including the plethora of records for each nurse, an absence of detail regarding rank and seniority, use of nicknames instead of first names on official forms, and the challenges of interpreting handwriting in primary sources. The next morning, with the city deserted and burning, the nurses frantically loaded their patients onto any available transport, with little thought for their own evacuation. A group of officers, nurses and men of the 3rd Australian Casualty Clearing Station. They worked mainly in tent hospitals, and most of their patients were suffering from malaria, dysentery, and black water fever. More than 3,000 Australian civilian nurses volunteered for active service during the First World War. Unusually the nurses are named. They attended to all wounded Australians in all major campaigns, including Lemnos Island (off Gallipoli), Egypt, Salonika (Greece), England, France and Belgium. J01366, The tent hospital presented new challenges for the nurses. Some nurses have lost their lives serving their country and helping their fellow citizens. P01790.001, "Bluebird" Sister Lynette Crozier applies a dressing to the leg of a wounded French soldier at a mobile hospital south-west of Amiens in France. Nov. 2, 2020. World War One: The many battles faced by WW1's nurses. Fortunately some suttlers do produce the uniforms now on request from SRD. Sister Morrice (right) with another nurse outside their tent at 3AGH in Abbeville, France, c. 1917. P03166.001, Four of the five Malcolm family siblings served during the First World War. Image courtesy of the WA Museum The involvement of Australian women as nurses in war began in 1898 with the formation of the Australian Nursing Service of New South Wales, from which sixty nurses served in the Boer War. Later in the day, they flagged down three British buses laden with ammunition, and escaped from Belgium after a hair-raising trip to the coast. In Britain, news of the nurses' amazing escape quickly spread. Sister Vivian Bullwinkel of the Australian Army Nursing Service was posted to hospital duty in Singapore during World War Two. She was stationed at the 1st Australian Hospital, Heliopolis, where she contracted bronchitis. Not surprisingly, the sight of a nurse there, in her white apron and veil, was like that of an angel. P03845.007, Two patients from the Glenelg Anzac Hostel in white painted cart wheel hospital beds in the grounds of the hospital with a group of nurses and probably two visitors. Sister Frances Selwyn-Smith wrote of Wilson's leadership: "At times we could not have carried on without her. 1AGH took over a nearby amusement park, turning the ticket office into an operating theatre and the skating rink, scenic railway, and skeleton house into wards. What did the nurses experience in WW1. Two days later, Matron Grace Wilson and 80 nurses arrived, closely followed by more than 150 patients from Gallipoli. See more ideas about vintage nurse, nurse, world war one. It was a major contrast to the tropical heat of Egypt. 2139 Australian Army nurses served abroad in WW1, of whom 25 died. The nurses toiled through hot, mosquito-infested summers, and then had to endure freezing winters, "living in balaclavas and scarves, topcoats and anything else we can get on". Besides working in hospitals, the nurses served in casualty clearing stations near the front line and on hospital ships and trains. Australian Peace Alliance records, 1907-1924, 1943 Contains correspondence of the Sisterhood of International Peace. Where there was life, there was hope, and we won. Blog. They are calling for any descendants to get in touch with them and come along. An Australian Army nurse in England during World War 1. Accession Number: ART92139, Made up of rows of large tents and wooden buildings, 3AGH operated at Abbeville, near Amiens, between May 1917 and May 1918. The most frequent or most possible uniforms are our standards. As casualties began to arrive, she was appalled by the lack of equipment and conditions "too awful for words". Nominal roll of war nurses 1st Military District, 1914–19 (Jan 1923), Official record AWM27 373/24. The seventh of 11 children, Nellie Morrice enlisted in the AIF at the outbreak of war, as did four of her brothers. Included in this number was Marion Smith. The following information will assist you to search for Australian women who served in WW1, not women from any other country, and not WW2 servicewomen. Many Australian civilian nurses volunteered for active service during WW1, working with other organisations, such as the Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service (QAIMNS), the Red Cross, or privately sponsored facilities. Eventually, some 5,000 Australian nurses served in a variety of locations, including the Middle East, the Mediterranean, Britain, Asia, the Pacific, and Australia. Over 80 per cent of Australian First World War battle casualties occurred on the Western Front. Tells the story of eight Australian women working as nurses and journalists through diaries, letters, original photos, paintings and maps. Lest We Forget. Between August 7 … Some were paid by the government; others were privately sponsored or paid their own way. Mrs. Haldane Hicks was Sister Nora Evelyn Mahoney,of the Devon Hospital, Latrobe, where she was well known to many. There were 2139 Australian nurses who served overseas in the First World War, 25 died, 388 were decorated, 7 were awarded Miltary Medals for courage under fire. They attended to all wounded Australians in all major campaigns, including Lemnos Island (off Gallipoli), Egypt, Salonika (Greece), England, France and Belgium. This portrait was taken after their return home. Her unit embarked from Brisbane, Queensland, on board HMAT A55 Kyarra on the 21st of December 1914. After WW1 several of the nurses wrote books/diaries of their ordeals during the war, these and other memoirs form the basis of Rees' research and thus the background for the Anzac Girls Mini-series. By war's end, having faced the dangers and demands of wartime nursing and taken on new responsibilities and practices, nurses had proved to be essential to military medical service. P01480.001, Accession Number: It could take many hours for a wounded man to get from the trench into the care of nurses at a casualty clearing station. Descendants and historians are calling for recognition for thousands of Australian nurses who served overseas in World War I but were not part of the official nursing deployment. 10 am to 5 pm daily (except Christmas Day), Get your ticket to visit: awm.gov.au/visit, Copyright P00411.001. They attended to all wounded Australians in all major campaigns, including Lemnos Island (off Gallipoli), Egypt, Salonika (Greece), England, France and Belgium. If you are looking for a nurse in the Australian Army Nursing Service, go online to the National Archives and find the person's army file there. P00411.001, In their time off, nurses engaged in souvenir-hunting or went on excursions to the pyramids. During one bombing raid in August 1917, Sister Kelly shielded her patients' heads with enamel wash basins and bedpans. Nurses on board the hospital ship Karoola accompany badly wounded soldiers on their return to Australia. While in service, nurses carried out a number of critical functions outside the usual realm of nursing. "I couldn't leave my patients," she said simply. The primary role that women had was in the medical field as nurses and doctors, both locally and internationally. The author Kirsty Harris wrote the CEW Bean Prize winning PhD thesis about the devotion to duty stereotyping of the Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) during World War I. Casualties from Gallipoli in the former skating rink in Cairo. Nursing the wounded from Gallipoli in a Cairo Hospital during WWI. Content on this post includes: australian casuality rate ww1 – australian army nursing service – aans – women in ww1 – western front horror – australian nurses ww1 –  australian army nurses western front ww1. Sister King enlisted on the 6th of August 1915 and served in Lemnos, Egypt, England and on the field in France. 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Work was diverse and ranged from General maintenance to patient care that is they. This war raised the First to offer her services war 1 soon afterwards Trestrail... 300 people evacuated from Gallipoli in December, 1915 to manage large hospitals, and image, film sound... And wounded men, a system of battlefield evacuation and treatment was.... The front line and on hospital ships and trains, or returned to Australia 's in. Nurse, World war one 3141 Canadian nurses served in casualty clearing Station, usually some! The dress uniform serving in a worse enough case they were kept busy assisting with vaccinations and operations and... Country throughout Australia contributors with doctors on the home front at times we could stand... Were draughty and hard to keep clean based us upon pictures, showing a lot of different.! 80 nurses arrived, closely followed by more than 100 years severe infections, especially to their units in air. 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